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Nature-Inspired Machine Learning (NIMI)

Nature, and all that it encompasses, has influenced computer science, in particular Artificial Intelligence, from its inception. Many effective tools, mechanisms, processes, algorithms, methods, and systems have been proposed inspired by nature. For example, Neural Networks are roughly inspired by the cognitive brain function, Genetic Algorithms are inspired by evolution and the survival of the fittest, and Artificial Immune Systems are inspired by their biological equivalents. Further examples include swarm or collective approaches, that are inspired by colonies of insects and birds. Current AI methods have the following weaknesses: